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Everything posted by Aaronw

  1. Not all CVTs are the same. Subaru has been working with CVT since the 1980s (an option on the 1989 Subaru Justy). Subaru manufactures their own CVT designed for their cars, where many other automakers outsource theirs from a 3rd party, Jatco supplies many automakers including Nissan who has developed a very poor reputation for its CVTs. CVTs are less complex, smaller and lighter weight than automatic transmissions which makes then well suited to small cars. I prefer a manual but we have a CVT in our Forester and it works just fine, I don't find it any better or worse than most other automatic transmission cars I've driven / owned. It keeps the car in its optimum power band when accelerating so makes the most of the engine power, and it drops to a low RPM when just maintaining speed on the highway for better fuel economy. It absolutely does allow compression braking, when I set the cruise control on a downgrade it does a fantastic job of maintaining my desired speed, and in fact it does a better job of holding speed than even a manual transmission on a downgrade, because it just keeps adjusting the transmission to maintain just the right amount of engine compression. Now actually slowing down with compression braking a manual does better, but just holding speed, I'm impressed at how well the CVT does and I do a lot of hill and mountain driving. CVT is apparently not a great choice for a large vehicle, or for serious towing but they work fine for small to midsize cars.
  2. Nice, Lotus Esprit is one of my favorite 80s cars. The Spy who loved me, was the first James Bond film that I ever saw.
  3. If you can afford an SUV that starts at $350,000, then buying a $40,000 replica is probably an after thought, like most of us buying a nice office chair or fancy swing arm amp for the model bench.
  4. Scale is kind of like aftermarket parts. Like aftermarket parts a larger scale can help to create a "better" model, but it also offers more opportunity to fail. A good paint job in 1/24 may be marginal in 1/12 scale. The larger scale offers more detailing potential, but also requires more detailing. Small stuff nobody would miss in 1/24 may be a glaring omission in 1/12. More detailing offers more potential to do that detailing poorly. As far as scratch built models go, that also goes two ways. A lot more skill and work goes into a 100% scratch built model, but the final model may not look any better than an average builder can do with a plastic kit, despite 50x the work being put into it. Just think about the work and skill hand fabricating everything just to get to 75% of the quality the guy with the plastic kit had just opening the box. How can you judge something like that fairly, what are you even judging, skill involved or simply which one looks better? The scratch built model took oodles more skill, but the box stock plastic model is the better representation. There is a good reason models are usually highly segregated into categories.
  5. I see this brought up a lot with aircraft models and subsequently disproven comparing 1/32 to smaller scales. The idea being 1/32 has bigger parts so is more kindly to aging eyes. If you actually look at kits, the smallest parts tend to be about the same size regardless of scale. The larger scales just tend to have finer detail with many more parts. A larger scale kit literally just scaled up from a smaller kit would be unsatisfying for most. As the scale gets bigger, the detail increases, so a 9 cylinder radial engine in 1/32 might have 10-20 parts (individual cylinder jugs, crank case, wiring harness, exhaust collector etc) while in 1/72 it is probably just 1-3 parts with most detail cast in and all parts larger than the smallest part in that 1/32 engine. This is the same reason why smaller scale kits don't cost a lot less. Material costs are a relatively small portion of kit costs, 2 kits of different scales are not just resized, they have to be re-engineered and have entirely different tooling made for them. The result is a 1/48 scale airplane kit costs $1-2 more than a 1/72 scale kit because that is the material difference, although the finished model is about 1/2 the size, it did not take 1/2 the time to design, mold and package.
  6. No idea on the electrical consumption front, I'm just happy to see that unlike many Toyota is exploring other technological options. EV's work great for some uses, not so much for others. EVs also have their own issues, charging and its toll on the grid will need to be addressed. Lithium extraction is and will continue to be a serious problem. Gasoline and diesel have issues but they are well known and there is a long history of addressing them. Currently as a fuel it is too useful to go away anytime soon. I like options, instead of hoping EV is the solution to all our power issues I'd prefer that we continue to see options explored and then use the most appropriate for each niche. Imagine where we would be if in the 1880s,"they" declared steam power was good enough and pressured those tinkering with internal combustion and electric drive systems to give up and just focus on steam.
  7. Agree, EVs have their place but the push to make EV the answer for everything is misguided in my opinion. A great option in densely packed urban areas with relatively short drives and lots of charging opportunities, not so much in areas where things are more spread out. I'd really like to see the push for other than gas / diesel include more options. Toyota has been a leader in hybrid technology and they are now looking at hydrogen as a fuel source. Unless people reign in their fear of nuclear power the added demand of EVs is going to stress the grid. EVs currently account for about 1% of the cars on the road, it will get interesting when they account for 10%, 20% 50%.
  8. I know people like to laugh at the idea of powering an electric car with a generator but that is essentially what a Toyota Prius hybrid does, as do most trains. Diesel electric trains arrived in 1925 and have dominated rail travel since the early 1960s. Using a gas or diesel generator to provide the electricity to electric motors is much more efficient than directly powering the wheels with the engine, because the engine runs constantly at its most efficient rpm. Diesel electric buses are being used and they lack the characteristic diesel plume on startup / acceleration. Even after years of use their exhaust stacks are clean, not black and sooty. So yeah, I get it, funny idea, and personally I'd think a hybrid would be smarter for this use, but recharge with a generator isn't actually a crazy idea.
  9. Something else to consider when looking at photos, is if you see something odd, it is not uncommon to see 2wd trucks from the 1960s and early 70s converted to 4x4, because there were just a lot more 2wd trucks compared to later periods. 4x4 options were also quite limited, 1 ton 4x4 trucks were almost always conversions before the mid 1970s. Except for Jeep and Dodge 4x4 was almost always an aftermarket conversion in the 1950s and earlier. Demand was just growing enough by the late 1950s to see manufacturers start offering actual factory built 4x4 trucks (GM 1957, Ford 1959) rather than dealer installed kits. In 1960 only 4% of Ford trucks were 4x4, by 1971 it was up to 6% and in 1979 26% of Ford trucks were 4x4.
  10. So this is #5? 😄 Laughing with you, not at you. Old machinery is neat, and often fairly inexpensive making it easy to unintentionally start collecting. $50, sure I can use another table saw... The little tractor is nice too.
  11. Maybe a 4Runner? it shares a chassis with the Tacoma so are actually a truck and built tougher. The Highlander and RAV4 are built on a lighter weight car chassis (share a chassis with Camry and Corolla). Really hard to beat Toyota for reliability. Sequoia is based on the Tundra so would be another option, but much larger, more expensive and pretty awful fuel economy. I've had a 1996 Tacoma and currently own a 2008 Tundra. Great trucks, the Tacoma was pretty easy on fuel (4 cyl) with a solid 26mpg but I can't say the same for the Tundra, maybe 15mpg. I've also got a 2014 Subaru Forester, it has been a great car, does amazingly well in bad weather, but it is not a truck, and suspect it would suffer from similar issues to your Highlander.
  12. Sorry to hear this, Dave has always been great to deal with.
  13. Hate changing the clocks and agree standard time would be the preferred. I suspect the senate bill picked daylight savings because that is what several states have proposed doing. The reason the states pick daylight savings over standard is because the current law only allows that. States had the option of not doing it, but once they adopted Daylight savings, their only option out is permanent daylight savings, staying on standard is not an option. That would not apply to congress since they wrote the original law. In typical lazy politician mode I'm guessing Rubio (who is behind the bill) just copied and pasted the Florida proposal word for word. I've never understood the concept, if your job requires daylight then do what most people do regardless of DST and adjust your schedule.
  14. I have several old cars, I like them. The idea that they are trouble free is hilarious. They can be very reliable so long as you stay on top of the recommended maintenance which is far more frequent than a modern car. Find something putting out a similar amount of power from similar displacement engine back then and the word reliable is probably never used for it. A truck in the 80s with 200hp (stock) was doing pretty good, it is hard to find a truck today that only has 200hp.
  15. That really isn't fair, on older cars things needed more frequent access for service so they needed to be easier to get to. Many current cars have minimal service requirements before reaching 100,000 miles, basically oil changes and air filter. In the 1980s 100,000 miles was the reasonable life expectancy of many cars and you were certainly going to be getting service done before 100,000 miles if you were hoping to reach that. Even something as simple as oil changes has gone from a recommended every 3000 miles to 5000+. Subaru's are particularly sensitive to oil issues and even they only recommend every 6000 miles, some brands are as high as 10,000 miles between oil changes for normal driving. Figure 15,000 miles a year, that is going to be maybe 2 oil changes a year compared to 5.
  16. It used to be easy to buy used low mileage engines from Japan with something like 50,000 miles on them.
  17. Took drivers training in High School, I think they had a couple of 80s Ford Fairmonts and Chevy Malibus. I did most of my practice time in an early 80s Volvo 242 and a 1976 VW Rabbit. Passed my drivers test in the Rabbit. Several years later I got my class B commercial in an early 1970s Ford C800 fire engine, with a 5 speed manual.
  18. I don't know anything about Pfaff, but from what I've been told most of the old metal sewing machines are very hard to kill, and parts are still fairly available. Sewing machines were expensive and expected to be a lifetime purchase. One person told me the old sewing machines are like a Swiss watch if Swiss watches were built like an anvil. 😄 I've been assured that if a person is at all mechanically inclined DIY restoration is not super difficult. Small parts but pretty simple. The other advice I got was if a repair shop immediately tries to steer you into a new machine, walk away. A shop that will do good work on an old machine will want to repair the old machine. You should be able to find owners and service manuals online, and ebay is a good source for printed manuals and parts. I've kind of gone down a rabbit hole of fixing up old things, this is my latest, a watchmakers lathe made some time between 1890 and 1914.
  19. I'm not really "into" vintage sewing machines but I do have a couple. I have two from my grandmothers. The older came from my Dad's mom and is a Singer Model 66 "red eye" which started life as a foot treadle powered machine in 1911 and was converted to electric probably in the 1930s. My grandmother was born in the 1920s so it was older than she was. It needs work to get it going but has good bones, mostly just missing a few parts. She passed in 2003 and my Dad gave it to us since my wife likes to sew, but it has just been decoration since it doesn't work and my wife had a working sewing machine. The other is newer being a Model 500A Slant-O-Matic or "Rocketeer" (got to love the 1960s names) and was bought new by my grandmother (mom's mom) in the early 1960s. My grandmother took her sewing very seriously and this was a very high end sewing machine for its time capable of taking Bakelite disks to sew fancy stitch patterns. She was always upgrading and this one was passed on to my mom in the early 1970s when my grandmother bought the next latest and greatest machine. I was a little kid at that time and this is the exact machine I learned to sew with (I'm not very good but can do simple stuff). I inherited it a couple years ago when my mother passed. It hadn't been used in years, because she didn't sew much later in life. I took it to a local sewing machine repair when I got it because it wasn't running right. They sorted it out for about $100, mostly it just needed some deep cleaning and adjustment nothing was broken. My wife now has two very nice modern commercial grade machines so this is mine to play with. If you do Facebook there are some vintage Singer groups where you can get some good information.
  20. I wasn't going to do any group builds as in recent years my completion record has been awful, but I'm in. The idea of the Peking to Paris race is too good to pass on, and since it is very unlikely I could ever do the real race I can at least do it in scale. I not only didn't finish last time but I barely even got started beyond the planning stages. To add insult to injury I haven't built anything since then so to find that was 3 years ago really hurts. That does explain the cobwebs at the model bench (sadly not joking). Maybe this is the push to clear the bench and build something. I'll go with a Model T again as I at least had a lot of fun planning it out. There are actually a couple of Model As that have completed the real race. Gravel roads were a luxury in those days so probably nothing new for a lot of those old cars.
  21. Don't the Revell 1990 Ford F250 and F350 Dually truck kits have a 460?
  22. Another source of expanded metal is frying pan spatter screens. Many just use fine woven screens like the screen on a window or screen door, but some use really fine expanded metal. Can't go wrong with any relative of a Dodge Power Wagon. I'm sure this is going to be another great project. The trailer pump is great too.
  23. I've found both. When I was looking for a booth, I looked hard at Pace, and very nearly bought one. I talked to quite a few people who had them on several model sites. A lot of people were happy with theirs, but I also ran across a fair number who were disappointed in its performance. I suspect being satisfied or not largely comes down to the exhaust, the size, distance, material and how straight it is. 3 feet straight out the window probably works ok, buying a 30 foot piece of flex hose and leaving the whole 30 feet laying willy nilly between the booth and the exit, is going to result in terrible flow. Looking at recommendations for a booth the size of the pace mini (24x14" opening) ideally should have a 235cfm fan on the low end, so with only 148cfm it needs all the help it can get. Looking at your set up it appears you and the OP have a similar run but you have rigid ducting, and possibly larger ducting (5"?) vs 4" flex duct on his. The info on air flow, and friction loss of ducting is readily available to look up.
  24. Mine is 24" wide so about the same size as the pace mini but I put a 465 cfm blower on it, Pace uses a 148cfm blower. I considered one of the Pace booths, but after pricing materials I was able to build one for about 1/2 what they wanted. Mine is made from plywood so it is heavy but it lives over in its corner and doesn't need to move. They look like a well made booth so it is a shame that they use such a small blower, it would only add another $30 to go to a 265cfm, and probably less since they would be buying in bulk. Maybe they assume people will just use an airbrush with it.
  25. I just read a lot when I built my booth. The more I read the more I found that the Pace booths are fairly marginal in choice of fan output, although this is not surprising since the blower is the most expensive part of the booth. Yes I would suggest trying a bigger duct, if it works it is a cheap fix, and if you end up putting a bigger fan on there you will still want a bigger duct for it, 4" is very restrictive.
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